About Indigenous Labour Market Information (ILMI)

ILMI is required to understand the skills and training needs, employment experiences, and educational profiles of Indigenous Peoples. To facilitate gathering this information, Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) has funded Aboriginal Employment Services Inc. (AES), an independent Indigenous firm, to lead a pilot project to develop and implement measures, processes and tools for the ongoing collection of ILMI in First Nation communities with a view to future expansion.

Under the First Nations Labour Market Information and Skills Inventory Pilot, labour market and skills inventory information is collected by participating First Nations through a voluntary annual survey of community members ages 15 years and over.

The Pilot requires AES to work closely with ESDC and Indigenous Skills and Employment and Training (ISET) Program partners to develop the data collection process. AES provides funding to ISET agreement holders to assist in the data collection, and in turn, ISET agreement holders assist AES in reporting on best practice (what works) and tools that need to be improved. Best practices and lessons learned provided by ISET agreement holders are gathered and contribute to the overall findings from the Pilot.

First Nations Labour Market Survey and Skills Inventory

  1. The labour market survey questions focus on identifying employment status (full-time, part-time, unemployed), layoffs (looking for work) and those out of the labour market (in school/training, not able to work, or retired). Additionally, questions identify those interested in various types of employment and training, levels of educational attainment, and barriers to employment and training.
  2. The skills inventory questions are designed as a conversation to build a resume similar to what occurs with ISET Program clients. Questions focus on employment history, volunteer activities, labour market skills, traditional skills, education, certificates, licenses and apprenticeships.

A successful partnership with ESDC’s National Job Bank has allowed the creation of local community job banks which contain all the job postings in ESDC’s National Job Bank that can filtered to all jobs within 50 km (or any other distance) of participating First Nations. Both participant profiles and available jobs are stored in a secured system accessible only to respective ISET Program agreement holder and First Nation community staff. First Nation communities and ISET Program agreement holders determine who has access to the information. Participants expressing interest in exploring employment opportunities can be notified of matching jobs automatically by their ISET Program agreement holder or First Nation community. 

What makes the Pilot unique compared to other LMI initiatives?

The Pilot is unique because the data is collected directly by participating First Nation communities for their own communities’ benefit. Community members participate in the data collection on an annual basis, resulting in community-level data and findings. The resulting secured database includes a skills inventory of the working age population, current labour market status, and interests of the local labour force. This detailed and timely information at the community level is not available through other existing surveys. The intention is to continue data collection and use of data beyond the Pilot timeframe. The population of interest is all First Nation community members aged 15 years and over.

Commitment to a Collaborative Approach

AES and ESDC support participating ISET Program partners and First Nations communities in data collection, training, system maintenance, analysis and use of data. This approach ensures the data collected is timely and relevant for community level analysis in support of local program development and delivery. ESDC receives only grouped or aggregated data. ESDC does NOT have access to any identifying information or individual survey responses.